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Bush's FY08 Budget Funds NIST Cyber Security Program

February 5, 2007
President George W. Bush’s fiscal year (FY) 2008 budget proposal submitted today to Congress for the Commerce Department’s Technology Administration (TA) is $642.3 million, of which $640.7 million is for the Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

The budget request for NIST includes $594.4 million for NIST’s core research and facilities programs, an 11 percent increase over the President’s FY 2007 request and a 21 percent increase over the proposed FY 2007 continuing resolution recently passed by the House and sent to the Senate.

Among the items slated for continued funding from FY 2007 is the Cyber Security: Innovative Technologies for National Security. The specific amount to be funded was not immediately specified.

NIST describes this program as follows:

NIST proposes to work with industry and academia to develop measurement science and technologies to identify the level of vulnerability of IT systems, assess the effectiveness of cyber security controls, test system functionality, address vulnerabilities, identify vulnerabilities in real-time, and mitigate attacks.

NIST has decades of experience in IT security; specific, statutory assignments in cyber security, most recently under the Cyber Security Research and Development Act of 2002 and the Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002; and strong links to both the private sector and government agencies.

For instance, NIST develops cryptographic standards and methods to protect the integrity, confidentiality, and authenticity of information resources, primarily for the federal government. However, they are widely used by the private sector. For example, NIST’s encryption standards are estimated to have saved private industry more than $1 billion—and enable consumers and business to be confident about the security of billions of dollars worth of electronic data transactions daily.

NIST also develops services and programs to test, evaluate, and validate security products.

Expected Impacts
This work will help improve the security of our nation’s IT infrastructure by developing a new generation of cyber security metrics and tools to assign security confidence levels, measure improvements in overall system security, and identify and mitigate would-be attackers. It also will speed private-sector commercialization of new security products and innovations.

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